Ƙa'idar Aiki Na Ƙarfafa Birki na Wuta

Mai kara kuzari yana amfani da ka'idar tsotsa cikin iska lokacin da injin ke aiki, wanda ke haifar da vacuum a gefen farko na mai haɓakawa. Dangane da bambancin matsa lamba na yanayin iska na yau da kullun a gefe guda, ana amfani da bambancin matsa lamba don ƙarfafa bugun birki.

Idan akwai ko da ɗan ƙaramin bambanci tsakanin bangarorin biyu na diaphragm, saboda babban yanki na diaphragm, ana iya haifar da babban motsi don tura diaphragm zuwa ƙarshen tare da ƙananan matsa lamba. Lokacin da ake taka birki, na'ura mai kara kuzari kuma tana sarrafa injin da ke shiga na'urar kara kuzari don yin motsin diaphragm, kuma yana amfani da sandar turawa a kan diaphragm don taimaka wa dan Adam wajen takawa da tura fedar birki ta na'urar jigilar kayayyaki.

A cikin yanayin da ba a yi aiki ba, dawowar bazara na ƙwanƙwasa mai ƙwanƙwasa ƙwanƙwasa yana tura sandar mai sarrafa bawul ɗin turawa zuwa matsayi na kulle a gefen dama, kuma tashar bawul ɗin bawul ɗin yana cikin yanayin buɗewa. Gudun bawul ɗin sarrafawa yana sa ƙoƙon bawul ɗin sarrafawa da wurin zama na bawul ɗin iska suna hulɗa da juna, don haka rufe tashar bawul ɗin iska.

A wannan lokacin, ɗakin gas na iska da aikace-aikacen gas na haɓaka suna sadarwa tare da tashar tashar gas ta aikace-aikacen ta hanyar tashar gas ɗin gas na jikin piston ta hanyar raƙuman bawul ɗin sarrafawa, kuma an ware su daga yanayin waje. Bayan an kunna injin, injin (matsi mara kyau na injin) a cikin nau'ikan nau'ikan injin zai tashi zuwa -0.0667mpa (wato ƙimar karfin iska shine 0.0333mpa, kuma bambancin matsa lamba tare da matsa lamba na yanayi shine 0.0667mpa). ). Daga baya, injin ƙara kuzari da vacuum na ɗakin aikace-aikacen ya karu zuwa -0.0667mpa, kuma suna shirye su yi aiki a kowane lokaci.

Lokacin da ake birki, bugun birki yana ɓacin rai, kuma ana ƙara ƙarfin ƙafar ta lefa kuma yana aiki akan sandar turawa na bawul ɗin sarrafawa. Na farko, dawowar bazara na kula da bawul tura sanda aka matsa, da kuma kula da bawul tura sanda da iska bawul shafi matsawa gaba. Lokacin da sandar tura bawul ɗin sarrafawa ta motsa gaba zuwa matsayi inda kofin bawul ɗin sarrafawa ya tuntuɓar wurin zama na bawul ɗin, tashar bawul ɗin yana rufe. A wannan lokacin, injin ƙara kuzari da ɗakin aikace-aikacen sun rabu.

A wannan lokacin, ƙarshen ginshiƙin bawul ɗin iska yana tuntuɓar saman faifan amsawa. Yayin da sandar tura bawul ɗin sarrafawa ta ci gaba da ci gaba, tashar bawul ɗin iska za ta buɗe. Bayan tsaftacewar iska, iska ta waje ta shiga ɗakin aikace-aikacen mai ƙarfafawa ta hanyar tashar jiragen ruwa na budewa da tashar da ke kaiwa ga ɗakin iska na aikace-aikacen, kuma an samar da ƙarfin servo. Saboda kayan aikin farantin amsawa yana da buƙatun dukiya na zahiri na daidaitaccen matsi na naúrar akan farfajiyar da aka matsa, ƙarfin servo yana ƙaruwa cikin ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun ƙima (ƙarfin servo) tare da ƙarar hankali na ƙarfin shigar da sandar bawul ɗin turawa. Saboda ƙayyadaddun albarkatun ƙarfin servo, lokacin da aka kai matsakaicin ƙarfin servo, wato, lokacin da madaidaicin digiri na ɗakin aikace-aikacen ya zama sifili, ƙarfin servo zai zama dindindin kuma ba zai sake canzawa ba. A wannan lokacin, ƙarfin shigarwa da ƙarfin fitarwa na mai haɓakawa zai karu da wannan adadin; lokacin da aka soke birki, sandar tura bawul mai sarrafawa tana motsawa baya tare da raguwar ƙarfin shigarwa. Lokacin da aka kai matsakaicin ma'aunin haɓakawa, bayan buɗe tashar bawul ɗin injin, ana haɗa injin haɓakawa da ɗakin iska na aikace-aikacen, ƙimar injin ɗin ɗakin aikace-aikacen zai ragu, ƙarfin servo zai ragu, kuma jikin piston zai koma baya. . Ta wannan hanyar, yayin da ƙarfin shigarwar ke raguwa sannu a hankali, ƙarfin servo zai ragu a ƙayyadaddun ƙayyadaddun adadin (servo Force ratio) har sai an saki birki gaba ɗaya.


Lokacin aikawa:09-22-2022
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